An Introduction to Riemann Surfaces and Algebraic Curves: Complex 1-Tori and Elliptic Curves by Dr. T.E. Venkata Balaji, Department of Mathematics, IIT Madras. For more details on NPTEL visit http://www.nptel.iitm.ac.in/syllabus/111106044/

Goals of the Lecture:

– Every good topological space possesses a unique simply connected covering

space called the Universal covering space

– The fundamental group of the topological space shows up as a subgroup of

automorphisms of its universal covering space

– The universal covering map expresses the target space as the quotient of

the universal covering space of the target, by the fundamental group of the target

– A covering map can be used to transport Riemann surface structures from source

to target and vice-versa, thus making it into a holomorphic covering map

– Any Riemann surface is the quotient of the complex plane, or the upper half-plane,

or the Riemann sphere by a suitable group of Moebius transformations isomorphic to

the fundamental group of the Riemann surface

– The study of any Riemann surface boils down to studying suitable subgroups of

Moebius transformations

Keywords:

Covering map, covering space, admissible open set or admissible neighborhood,

simply connected covering or universal covering, local homeomorphism, Riemann

surface structure inherited by a topological covering of a Riemann surface, uniformisation, fundamental group, Moebius transformation